Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Conclusion The mid-twentieth century was a crisis in Surabaya's modern
economic history. During ... By the early decades of the twentieth century, the
frontier of the plantation economy had shifted to the less populated territory of
West Java, ...
Especially on Java, the industrial revolution technologies and the institutions of
European capitalism were already vigorously applied in the second half of the
nineteenth century in a transition to a capitalist plantation economy. Burger (1939
after the event but predicting economic trends is rather like forecasting the
weather: it often rains, sometimes blows a gale, ... Early industrial expansion was
generated by the plantation economy, but that nexus became a hindrance after