Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In East Java, construction began simultaneously in 1953 on a cement factory, a
caustic soda plant, and a gunnysack mill, all located within the immediate
hinterland of Surabaya (table 5.4). The cement plant, the largest industrial project
of the ...
On 18 January 1964 the arrest of two Indonesian-flag ships in Hong Kong for
nonpayment of dockyard repair bills became a pretext for trade union seizure of
the Unilever plants in Jakarta, which led on the twenty-fourth to the takeover of
Surabaya, the main project was completion in July 1972 of the Petrokimia
fertilizer plant at Gresik, on which construction had begun as long ago as August
1964 (Petrokimia Gresik ca.1987). There was a also a 33 percent expansion in