Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The historical puzzle is not the sudden and sustained vitality of the period after
the 1970s but the long hiatus between the 1930s and 1970s. Nationalist and
developmentalist ideologies exaggerate the discontinuity between the colonial
... from tabic 3.1. occupation Surabaya's population soared to 618,000 by
September 1945, implying an 8.6 percent rate of growth over the five-year period
and probably over 10 percent for the period 1942-45 (table 3.3; Steele 1980, 57).
As in the late-colonial period, government seemed to spend in ways that made
the city more safe and comfortable for the expanding middle class. Under
Sukarno there had been a sense of shared deprivation. Kampung dwellers now