Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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percent (table 3.15). These were figures for a leading metropolitan area!
Moreover, they disguise another glaring form of discrimination. In any
disadvantaged social group, women tend to bear the brunt of discrimination. So it
was in colonial ...
A comprehensive 1981 survey of household facilities revealed that in Surabaya
86 percent of households had their own kitchen — almost a definition of a
household — 64 percent their own laundry area, 62 percent their own bathing
In 1971, 67 percent of households (table 3.25) still fetched their drinking water
from wells and bores, which were usually polluted by sewage. By 1995, just one
percent of households lacked access to the piped and chemically treated water ...