Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Three new hospitals were opened in the new garden suburb of Darmo. In 1922
the Surabaya Nursing Hospital moved from Ngemplak to Darmo Boulevard,
followed in 1925 by the opening of the William Booth (Salvation Army) Women
In Surabaya the most notable project was the automobile assembly plant Borguin
, a joint venture between the German firm Borgward and local partner Fritz Eman
of Udatin (Usaha Dagang Teknik Indonesia), which opened at the end of 1955 ...
It soon annexed an adjacent project, which became Tunjungan II, and an even
larger Tunjungan III opened at the end of 1995, complete with ground-floor ice-
skating rink, food court, theatre district, amusement park, and trade hall.