Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... sections of the East Java Provincial Government and the Municipality of
Surabaya gave access to government offices, of which the Regional Planning
Offices (Bappeda) and the Statistical Offices (Kantor Statistik) were most helpful.
Despite modernization, the bungalows and mansions along either side still
betray their Dutch origin with high-pitched roofs and large windows — many have
been converted into banks, offices, or showrooms. Suddenly the wide center strip
end until two o'clock, most offices are manned by only a skeleton staff after 1:30.
Senior officials, however, may be engaged in their offices, in meetings, or at
seminars until the late afternoon. By 2 P.M. government banks are also closing