Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The Chinese community showed a remarkable concentration in just two
occupations, trade (57 percent) and ... of particular note, not only because it was
the largest specified occupation but also because it was disproportionately
Within the three and a half years of the Japanese occupation more people
flooded into the city than the entire population in 1920. Such a massive influx
could not but transform the land use pattern. In order to survive, people began to
Category Red meant that occupation contravened the master plan — for example
, in areas reserved for open space or industry — and would have to be vacated
without financial compensation but in exchange for land on the edge of the city.