Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... was overdeveloped, but van Goor's vision was well and truly vindicated. While
he received his reward in promotion to head of the Department of Public Works in
Batavia, he is one Dutchman who might well be honored by modern Surabaya.
The one significant gain in law and order before 1900 was attributable not to the
police but to modern technology. Until the late nineteenth century Surabaya at
night had been as pitch-black as any village. Being a rough port city, however, ...
Under a ten-year program the site was progressively cleared of old buildings and
workplaces, redesigned along modern lines with construction under cover inside
huge sheds, and fitted out with modern plant and computer design equipment ...