Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Despite record shipments of 1.2 million tonnes of sugar in both 1928 and 1929,
their export value was static in 1928 and fell by 14 percent in 1929 (IV 1930). By
late 1929 the signs of the imminent depression were unambiguous. From then on
... population would rise from about 9 million to almost 17 million.2 The
municipality of Surabaya is also experiencing urban spillover. Factories,
industrial estates, housing complexes, the airport and other transportation
facilities now extend ...
By tonnage, however, Java's sugar exports peaked at around 3 million tonnes in
1928 and 1929: of this East Java shipped about 1.8 million tonnes, and Surabaya
alone about 1.2 million tonnes. During the depression of the 1930s the ...