Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The wave of seizures led by the communist-dominated trade union movement
had provoked military intervention. Despite an order of 14 December requiring
joint action with the local military, in practice the military took control and, lacking
Students, the military, civil leaders, and ordinary people in Surabaya knew they
could not control events in Jakarta but at the same time, as in 1965-66, knew they
could influence the outcome. The strength of student demonstrations in ...
From 1828 to 1873, the Civil Health Service (Burgelijke Ge- neeskundige Dienst,
BGD) was under the control of the Military Health Service. After stringent cutbacks
, only in the three main cities did it retain its own doctors and buildings ...