Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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A more comprehensive overview of the manufacturing sector on the eve of World
War I can be gained from the 191 5 Colonial Report, which enumerated 439
industrial establishments and ten thousand workers across the whole of the ...
... to benefit similarly from export expansion, grew no faster than the overall trend
in informal- sector manufacturing. ... for after the 1988 ban on export of raw rattan,
Surabaya had been designated a center for labor-intensive manufacture of ...
From 1985 to 1992 this was masked by defective estimates of gross regional
domestic product (GRDP) which showed the share of the manufacturing sector (
including the utilities: power, gas, and water) as fairly constant at around 20