Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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would have been mainly skilled or semiskilled tradesmen (tu\ang) with strong
kampung roots, the archetypal Surabayan. The aforementioned Moeljono study
argued that such people were supported by kampung networks and could find at
The engineering industry, which for several decades had concentrated mainly on
repair work, now turned increasingly toward fabrication and many new firms
entered the industry (ARA, NHM 1944). Wooden shipbuilding again flourished.
In 1825 the land had been mainly rice fields and ponds (map 6.3) but had since
been transformed into urban kampung. The so-called Embong-wijk was laid out
as a garden suburb. A boulevard (Pal- menlaan, now Sudirman) was laid out ...