Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Hasil 1-3 dari 83
... had restored him to the throne of Mataram, Pakubuwana II ceded to the VOC
the whole of the pasisir, including the towns of Surabaya, Gresik, and Semarang,
of which the Dutch formally took control three years later (Ricklefs 1974, 38-39).
This led on the eighth to army intervention and two days later to the occupation of
SOBSI headquarters (Crouch 1978, 146). The risk of armed conflict remained
high but the PKI attempted no general insurrection and the army was able to ...
Kampung improvement was later defined to encompass works such as road
improvement, the paving of footpaths and kampung lanes along with storm
gutters, drains, and local sanitary works but to exclude major sanitary works,