Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Between the late 1900s and the census year 1930 the death rate for the
Indonesian population roughly halved, while that for Europeans fell by two-thirds
(Faber 1936, 318). This reflected the declining incidence of most of the main
This perspective is more problematic because it not only suggests something in
common between the late-colonial and the late New Order city but also requires
explanation of why the city should have gone into eclipse between the 1930s and
The chapter begins by identifying the hinterland of Surabaya in the mid-
nineteenth century and showing how it was articulated by modern means of
transport between the opening of the first railways in the late- 1870s and the
depression of the ...