Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Estate owners, who were now more commonly speculators, eyed the profits to be
earned from converting their land into suburbs of European housing and chafed
under their obligation to respect traditional land rights. Rents were often ...
Land Rights The master plan of 1978 allowed the Municipality to "regularize" the
haphazard pattern of land use that had emerged over the previous three or four
decades. This applied particularly to squatters on public land. Too many families
when no family had yet accepted compensation or vacated the land, the State
Railways appealed to the mayor, who on 2 October instructed officials to enforce
the eviction by the due date. This deadline was postponed several times while ...