Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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AFTER INDEPENDENCE For 1957 it is possible for the first time to determine the
pattern of interisland trade by province. The timing is fortunate because this was
the last relatively normal year of interisland trade before the regional rebellions ...
Purchasing power therefore remained depressed and interisland trade was held
back. After 1957 this polarization was exacerbated by the Permesta rebellion in
Sulawesi and the deterioration of shipping services. Although the actual fighting ...
THE NEW ORDER By 1974, when the next interisland trade value data become
available, East Java no longer covered its foreign-trade deficit by the surplus on
interisland trade. Compared with a foreign-trade deficit of $415 million, the ...