Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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For the first time the colonial government actively sought to stimulate industrial
development and with some success. From the outbreak of the Pacific War to the
early years of the New Order, governments maintained a policy of industrial ...
Had industrial development been carried to the next stage around the turn of the
century, the industrial center of Java ... industry and growth in mass purchasing
power and showed signs of becoming a significant industrial agglomeration.
As the city has spread and industrial output increased, the limitations of these
broad zoning restrictions have become ... has been allowed to encroach to the
edge of the Rungkut industrial estate, where a green belt would have been more