Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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years later kerosene usage had increased to 94 percent while that of now very
expensive wood fuels was insignificant (table 3.27). Since then rising prosperity
has caused gas and electric stoves to become popular among the better off.
They had last been adjusted in 1931, when the city's area had been increased
from sixty-three to eighty-three square kilometers.6 Since then the enumerated
population had grown threefold, from almost 350,000 to over one million. Most of
From a modest 30,000 tonnes in 1929, Java's exports to the Outer Islands
increased to a peak of 200,000 tonnes in 1939 (CEI 1978, table 6). The
increased frequency of sailings and probably cheaper freights between East
Java and Sumatra ...