Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In the following year, however, municipal finances felt the full force of the world
depression and for the next few years expenditures on kampung improvement
were minimal. The revival of kampung improvement in the late 1930s was a
KAMPUNG IMPROVEMENT Kampung improvement was revived in 1969, on the
initiative of the Municipality, to demonstrate that development was beginning to
bring tangible benefits to ordinary people (Silas, interview, 3/10/87). Since the ...
Under Urban III, which began in 1979 and was contemporary with the Third Five-
Year Plan, supplementary schemes were introduced in the form of a Drainage
Improvement Project (DRIP) to rehabilitate main drains and of a Solid Waste ...