Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Included in A rations were two hundred grams of rice per day plus allowances of
salt , sugar , fish , cigarettes , and coconut oil . When rice stocks were low , the
balance was made up of flour . As available , B rations were also issued , which ...
... late 1930s there were about seventy - five wild schools with some two hundred
teachers and perhaps as many as seventy - five hundred students . Heida ( 1939
) quotes a higher contemporary estimate of around a hundred such schools .
By November 1958 almost fortyfive hundred prostitutes ( and about seven
hundred pimps ) were registered with the police ( SP , 5 / 11 / 58 ) . Brothel
kampungs were located on the periphery and physical conditions were often