Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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TABLE 3.2 Intercensal population growth of main Javanese cities (exponential
rates, %) Source: Calculated from tabic 3.1. occupation Surabaya's population
soared to 618,000 by September 1945, implying an 8.6 percent rate of growth
Growth in harvested area accounted for half of growth in output between 1901
and 1920 but only one quarter over the subsequent decade (CEI 1975, table 7).
Moreover, in the face of growing population pressure on arable land, real
Though not a tourist gateway like Medan, Surabaya was an attractive market
because of rapid growth in business traffic, especially within Asia (SP, 28/1/95).
Juanda airport was upgraded to international standards and by 1997 handled