Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Attracted by the advantages of cheap land outside the city, good road access,
and ready waste disposal, factories had located along both banks of the
Surabaya River. An environmental audit in 1985 determined that 80 percent of
the pollution ...
Only a few large factories actually came to fruition, notably the Regnault paint
factory, the Georg Dralle soap and toiletries plant (relocated from West Java), and
in 1923 the huge Wonocolo leather factory, which took advantage of the supply of
One Chinese entrepreneur, for example, who in 1946 had opened a new soft
drink factory, managed to obtain carbon ... Thus tanners had to manage without
tan, biscuit factories had enough flour but no bicarbonate of soda, soap factories