Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
Hasil 1-3 dari 48
None of these items, however, accounted for more than 2.5 percent of export
value (BPS, Exports). All primary products (excluding molasses) still came to just
under two-thirds of the value of exports. Another fifth was taken up by an
At the peaks of 1920 and 1924, the value of exports through Surabaya was 150
percent of the value of imports (Dick 1995, 49). Thereafter the trend was
inexorably downward. The last year that the port recorded an export surplus was
By 1990 Surabaya's trade performance matched that at the height of the Korean
War boom and was marginally the best outcome since 1937 (Dick 1995, 49).
Three years later, with exports booming, exports and imports were at last in