Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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First , especially in tertiary education , Surabaya has reinforced its role as the
main educational center in East Java , drawing students not just from the rest of
the province but also from parts of the Outer Islands , where there are fewer
As the surface area of concrete , asphalt , and brick increases , so does the
ambient temperature in what has always been notorious as a very hot city ,
especially at the end of the dry season . It is further degraded by the heat and
From the western part of Madura , Gresik , and Lamongan , men also flocked to
Surabaya in the dry season to meet the seasonal demand for labor , especially
the handling of hundreds of thousands of tonnes of bagged sugar exports .