Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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A directive of 14 December specified that there should be joint trade union and
military management but a military officer was placed in charge of each
enterprise and trade unions were kept under tight rein . As Dutch managers and
en rest to the largest enterprises , leaving the rest to regional offices ( see
appendix ) . When the legal nationalization process had been completed , this
division was formalized by Law 19 / 1960 , which created separate categories of
INFORMAL - SECTOR ENTERPRISE Despite the dominance of L and M
establishments by value added , the small ( five to ... This informal sector is
nevertheless elusive because of the huge number of enterprises and the paucity
of data .