Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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On Sunday, the week's one full holiday, there is no necessity to rise early.
Although Christian church services begin around seven in the morning, without
the rush to school and to work the streets remain quiet and even the main
highway out of ...
dockyard had led the city's early industrialization and until 1942 had been the
major shipyard in the Netherlands Indies, even though most of its work was on
government account. It also contributed greatly to the private sector in training
The earliest trend toward decentralization was along the river. There was a busy
stream of commerce along the ... loads of export cargoes from the hinterland. As
early as 1825 a row of permanent buildings, probably 350 Surabaya, City of Wor\