Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Organized as a savings cooperative, the YKP would issue home loans and
administer repayments, which could then be recycled for new construction (
Sardjono 1986). The concept seems to have originated with Sumitro
HOUSING In the early years of the New Order, construction of public housing all
but ceased. The central government had provided no more funds after 1962.
Repayments on existing mortgages had enabled the municipal Development
construction around 1980 with a project of seventeen hundred single- room "core
" units to house people displaced by the Lower Brantas scheme. Construction
accelerated in the early 1980s with a much larger project to build almost seven ...