Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Large buildings in garden settings give way to a jumble of single - story shops ,
the pavement alive with becak , pedestrians , and hawkers . One has crossed
over the old edge of the city into the world of crowded kampungs . Only on the
The local people used to the full their knowledge of the buildings and narrow
lanes but could not withstand the relentless pressure from British - Indian troops .
Each building captured was searched room by room and anyone found inside
In the Netherlands such buildings were fewer and less noticeable in the
traditional red - brick streetscapes . In Surabaya and Jakarta , however , the
interwar building boom meant that the streetscapes were predominantly in the