Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... at noon, except for students in the first two grades, who return home two hours
earlier, and middle and senior school students, between 12:30 and 1 P.M. By the
time this rush has subsided, civil servants are already beginning to drift home.
The corporation began construction at the beginning of 1928 with contracts for
336 "coolie huts" of one or two rooms at kampung Sidodadi, near the naval base,
and 1 10 houses for Indonesians and 12 for Eurasians at Keta- bang East (SGS ...
By the beginning of 1995 a wide corridor of almost three thousand hectares from
the toll road to the border of the municipality had been carved up in development
approvals among thirteen investors (Si? 17/1/95). No such massive alienation ...