Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The prospect that power would be transferred peacefully from Japanese to
Indonesian authority began to recede after 26 August, when Europeans and
Eurasians began to trickle back from internment camps and attempted to
reoccupy homes ...
As flood control and drainage systems were neglected, as fish ponds were
abandoned, and as public inspectors ceased to harry the populace, standing
water soon began to accumulate and mosquitoes to thrive, especially in the north
of the ...
By means of the 1949 Round Table agreements the Dutch government had
sought to perpetuate favored treatment for Dutch business interests after
Independence, but the business regime very soon began to tighten. In March
1950 the ...