Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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credit terms become tighter and goods can be bargained down to lower prices.
Traffic police seem to become more active. The whole city, like the rest of urban
Indonesia, has become accustomed to this monthly cycle. The year manifests
In 1947 he had become a junior minister for health in the cabinet of Amir
Sjarifuddin and after Independence joined the Municipal Health Department,
eventually becoming assistant director of the public hospital. He claimed to have
become a ...
year the number of children attending second-class government schools (
including vervolgscholen, the last three grades of primary school) was only forty-
seven hundred (SGS 1938), the unofficial schools had clearly become the