Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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By 2 P.M. government banks are also closing for business, though private banks
remain open an hour later. Except in the new air-conditioned shopping plazas,
many stores also close, then reopen in the evening. There is no longer, as in ...
However, before work could begin on dredging the river, buildings had first to be
cleared from its banks. This proved to be a protracted process (chap. 6). In March
1976 the project began dredging in a middle section of the river around Kayun, ...
Although no banks had their head office in Surabaya, the city's branch banks
probably generated as much business as those in Jakarta. In 1925, Surabaya,
like Jakarta, also gained a small stock exchange. Nevertheless, for recent years