Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... 1900-2000 Howard W. Dick. After eight o'clock the activity begins to decline as
shoppers return home, and an hour later the last shops put up their shutters. This
is the time when many middle-class households sit down for the evening meal.
The monsoons affect not only people's comfort and temper but also the tempo of
economic activity. The east monsoon (dry season) no longer brings the prahu
trade fleet from eastern Indonesia (Dick 1975), but the agricultural cycle is still felt
Having worked to undermine the Renville Agreement and frustrated by guerrilla
activity in the Oosthoek, the Dutch sought to strike a knockout blow. On the night
of 18 December 1948 they broke the cease-fire by launching a second Police ...