Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Nowadays Wonokromo is divided even from itself by the highway and its high
steel fences. Communication between one side and the other is possible only by
overhead walkway, a parable of the modern transport revolution. Within a minute
The first initiative was to dredge and widen the Wonokromo Canal, built in 1856
as a single straight section to carry the flood- waters of the Surabaya River (
Brantas) past the city into Madura Strait. These original works no longer protected
Hitherto Surabaya and Wonokromo had been separated by this extensive tract of
irrigated fields, leaving the highway and tramway to follow a leisurely route along
the Kali Mas. In a single development, the OJS would now close the gap.