Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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By the mid- 1960s Java had ceased to be a significant source of exports. East
Java's trade performance was even worse than that of Java. Despite the
expansion of tea, quinine, and rubber plantations in the highlands of West Java,
in 1928 ...
In 1980 manufactures were just one-fifth of East Java's exports; by the 1990s their
share had increased to three-quarters. A perspective on East Java's export
performance in manufactures can be gained from comparison with Jakarta-West
Revitalization of East Java's modest but well-established industrial sector had
begun in the 1970s, mainly in Surabaya ... Although at a marked disadvantage
vis-a-vis Jakarta- West Java, East Java enjoyed locational advantages over most