Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Tunjungan's former renown had been as a street of department stores. Aptly
named Tunjungan Plaza, the new mall exemplified the reinvention and
privatization of the conventional shopping street as a vertical building. Now the
private mall ...
Like the street itself, Tunjungan Plaza thereby became democratized. It soon
annexed an adjacent project, which became Tunjungan II, and an even larger
Tunjungan III opened at the end of 1995, complete with ground-floor ice-skating
... 138 supermarkets, 237 Surabaya Association of Engineering Companies, 64
Surabaya Plaza, 409 Surabaya River. ... 166 Tulungagung, 96, 266, 418
Tunjungan, 6, 12-14, 28, 76, 80, 194, 350, 361-62, 407-9 Tunjungan Plaza, 13-
14, 19, ...