Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Tunjungan at the intersection with Embong Malang, ca. 1900. "De Club" is on the
left (cf. fig. 1.9). KITLV no. 6473. northern section as the prestige hotel district.
Opening of the Sim- pang Club, in 1907, and the move of the Concordia Soos
Tunjungan lost its ultramodern chic. Boutiques, bookshops, and fashionable
restaurants gave way to tawdry electronic goods and furniture stores; the
roadway was widened into multiple lanes of speeding, one-way traffic, forcing
pedestrians to ...
Like the street itself, Tunjungan Plaza thereby became democratized. It soon
annexed an adjacent project, which became Tunjungan II, and an even larger
Tunjungan III opened at the end of 1995, complete with ground-floor ice-skating