Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Construction was completed in time for an official opening by President Sukarno
on Heroes' Day, 10 November 1952. One striking difference between post-
independence Surabaya and the colonial city was the degree of political
With hindsight it may be judged that Sukarno's romantic ideal of continuing
revolution — like that of his contemporary Chairman Mao — was essentially
destructive, a license for escalating violence. Vice President Hatta, speaking in
Feith (1967, 396-97) maintains that after the suspension of parliamentary
democracy, the bureaucracy, intertwined with the armed forces and Sukarno's
Nationalist Party (PNI), came to dominate the political arena. No longer, however,
was the ...