Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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TABLE 3.20 Home ownership, Surabaya, 1971, 1995 (%) 1971 199s Sources:
Census 1971; BPS, Supas 1995c. TABLE 3.21 House size by expenditure group,
urban Surabaya and Jakarta, 1981, 1995-97 (%) Surabaya Jakarta Source: BPS,
TABLE 3.25 Source of water, urban Surabaya, 1971, 1995 (%) Sources: Census
1971; BPS, Supas 1995c. 'Includes river, spring, rainwater, or other. TABLE 3.26
Source of lighting, urban Surabaya, 1971, 1995 (%) Sources: Census 1971; ...
The best source is a series of four semiannual reports compiled by A. G. Vreede,
head of the Labour Office. Ingleson (1988) relies heavily on these. See also
Boomgaard (2000). 11. Vreede (1931b, 248) nevertheless recognized that in the