Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The early decision to locate the team's offices in the old Simpang Club, on the
busy corner of Jalan Pemuda and Simpang, ensured that the planners did not
become lost in the amorphous bureaucracy but remained in the public eye. The
In the early decades of the twentieth century the movement northward to the new
port of Tanjung Perak and southward through Simpang to the new garden suburb
of Darmo had followed the old axis along the Kali Mas. Some widening out to ...
While Jembatan Merah has retained some residual functions, Simpang-
Tunjungan-Kaliasin can now be identified as the new central business district.
The southern end of Tunjungan extending into Kaliasin has regained its status as
the city's ...