Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The most spectacular gains, however, have been in the adjacent kabupaten of
Gresik and Sidoarjo, where by 1997 manufacturing accounted for no less than 52
and 58 percent of GRDP respectively. These formerly rural districts are now ...
... an extended Surabaya metropolitan area known as Gerbang Kertosusila, a
rather clumsy acronym composed of Surabaya and the surrounding kabupaten of
Gresik (Gersik), Bangkalan, Mo- jokerto, Sidoarjo, and Lamongan (MPW 1982).
London/Amsterdam. KRN (De Koloniale roeping van Nederland; Holland's
colonial call). 1930. The Hague: Nederlandsch-Engelsche
Uitgeversmaatschappij. KS (Kabupaten Sidoarjo). Kabupaten Sidoarjo dalam
Ang\a (KSDA). Annual.