Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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... 16 — Malang 40 1,027 35 2,8l2 24 Pasuruan 9 967 33 1,164 IO Malang 21 20
1 1,388 11 Probolinggo 5 4° 1 260 2 Lumajang 5 — — 105 1 Other 50 28 1 3458
29 East Java 180 2-934 too 11,889 too Source: KP I 953- not much of a market.
Fourteen months later the line was extended southward from Bangil to the small
highland town of Malang, after which the Pa- suruan line was extended eastward
along the coast to the neighboring sugar port of Probolinggo. A westward line ...
... OSVIA) in Bandung, Magelang, and Probolinggo (Sutherland 1979, 16-17).
Opportunities for the sons of lower priyayi had been limited to the Dokter Jawa (
Native Doctor) school in Jakarta and teacher- training schools iftwee\scholen). 11