Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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On the Ngagel estate many leases changed hands. Three industries suffered
very badly from the recession: vegetable oil, chemicals, and metalworking. The
vegetable oil industry almost collapsed. In 1922 exports all but ceased and the ...
Then in late 1916 the Municipality bought up two more large estates, the 138
hectares of Ketabang North and Ketabang South, which lay north of the
governor's mansion, and the 550- hectare Ngagel (or Jagir) estate much further
Stamefa; Pcrs & Stampwerk Ngagel (metal cans) W. Wermuth; Fa Holvast & Co. (
electrical and gas fittings) J. Stokvis CHEMICAL HM Electro Galvano (galvanizing
) Surabaya Rubberfabriek Ngagel (rubber goods) Ruhaak & Co.