Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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In December 1807, Admiral Edward Pellew's squadron was able to sail
unopposed into Madura Strait and promptly overwhelmed and demolished the
pitiful maritime defenses, without bothering to establish occupation. Governor-
The north shore of the harbor, Madura, was under Indonesian control, as was the
town of Gresik on the western side. As late as January 1947 the navy commander
was complaining of republican piracy in Madura Strait of prahus bound for ...
The most northerly arm, known as the Kali Surabaya or sometimes Kali Mas,
flowed northeast to Surabaya; the main southern arm, known as the Kali Porong,
continued almost due east into Madura Strait. This delta and the Brantas valley,