Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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From there it flowed northward through the busy market town of Kediri and, as the
valley widened into a broad plain, turned northeast to Mojokerto, where it began
to form the rich Sidoarjo delta. The most northerly arm, known as the Kali ...
From the delta, the sugar industry gradually moved upstream in a broad arc
through Mojokerto toward the town of Kediri. The location of coffee cultivation
was very different. As a high- value crop with no bulky inputs, coffee was the only
Meanwhile a branch line following the Brantas upstream to Kediri had been
extended as far as Blitar in the southern hills. Thus, by 1884 the most fertile and
populous regions of East Java had been linked into a single state -owned rail