Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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After negotiating the bar at the entrance to the West Channel, ships came to
anchor in the lee of the island of Madura, clustering off the mudbanks at the
mouth of the Kali Mas, not much better than a muddy creek (fig. 1.2). Especially
Citing voices being raised against Plan C3, he recommended that it be scaled
down to a modest improvement in the Kali Mas pending construction of a proper
port. In August 1907, at a meeting in the resident's house at Sim- pang, he aired
The Kali Pegirian was also built out with squatter shacks and illegal extensions
but even more narrow and shallow. World Bank funds were made available for
the public works but the Municipality had to fund compensation of displaced ...