Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Foreign Trade Before World War II, when Java ranked next to Cuba as the world's
leading sugar exporter, sugar had been the staple of East Java's trade. Until the
mid- 1920s sugar had constituted over two-thirds of the value of exports through ...
As in 1939, so in 1980 the diversity of East Java's exports bore witness not to
economic development but to the small size and continuing weakness of the
export base. The prolonged stagnation in East Java's export base has to be seen
in the ...
A perspective on East Java's export performance in manufactures can be gained
from comparison with Jakarta-West Java. ... East Java shipped about one-quarter
the value that Jakarta- West Java did and the composition was rather different ...