Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Antagonisms nevertheless remain between the Indonesian and Chinese
communities, while the Indonesian community itself remains divided by language
and custom. Colonial rule rested upon ethnic discrimination. The colonial racial ...
Death rates for the Indonesian population, however, were now about two and a
half times higher (table 4.2). Even allowing for some underestimate of the
Indonesian population, the differential had certainly not narrowed since the
1900s and ...
A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000 Howard W. Dick. (Economic policy in the
Netherlands Indies). 4 vols. Groningen: Tjeenk Willink. Cribb, R., ed. 1991. The
Indonesian Killings: Studies from Java and Bali. Centre of Southeast Asian