Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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Off the starboard side, nestling at the foot of an outcrop of dry limestone hills,
Gresik is a historic trading and handicraft center that in modern times has been
eclipsed by nearby Surabaya. Close by the mouth of the Bengawan Solo, the
Surabaya, the main project was completion in July 1972 of the Petrokimia
fertilizer plant at Gresik, on which construction had begun as long ago as August
1964 (Petrokimia Gresik ca.1987). There was a also a 33 percent expansion in
22 (1878), 237-701. Sampoerna (Sampoerna Trading Company), PT HM. 1995.
Annual Report, 1994. Surabaya. Semen Gresik, PT. 1980. Semen Gresi\dan per\
embangannya (Gresik Cement and its development). Gresik: PT Semen Gresik.