Surabaya, City of Work: A Socioeconomic History, 1900-2000
Ohio University Press, 2002 - 541 halaman
Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city but is not well known to the outside world. Yet in 1900, Surabaya was a bigger city than Jakarta and one of the main commercial centers of Asia. Collapse of sugar exports during the 1930s depression, followed by the Japanese occupation, revolution, and independence, brought on a long period of stagnation and retreat from the international economy. Not until the export boom of the 1990s did Surabaya regain prominence as Southeast Asia's leading non-capital-city industrial area.
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The city's European fagade displayed a semblance of vitality, as did the
continuing development of the new Tunjungan shopping precinct in
contemporary art deco style. Less visible signs bore witness to the social distress,
as in the hundreds ...
Foreign Orientals and 41 percent of the European population were to be found in
the municipality (table 3.6). The city, together with its immediate hinterland,
accounted for one-third of the Chinese population and half the European
brothels catering to Europeans or providing European or Eurasian women to an
Asian clientele had a more precarious existence. Where the full force of the law
came to bear was upon homosexual and child prostitution. In this case the client